20+Geographical Facts About India That You Must Read

Facts About India

Here In this article, We will explore 20+ Geographical Facts About India That Must Read. India is a very big and vast country in South Asia. Lots of People live in India and speak different languages. India has different Landscapes mountains and deserts. In India, people follow many religions and speak different languages according to their religions. The government has a president and a prime minister. India growing very fast in technology and their Economy. But it also faces many challenges like environmental and poverty problems. In the end, India is a very unique and important place with a rich culture and a very vast history. Let’s start we are going to discuss Geographical Facts About India!

What is Geography?

The study of land, features, inhabitants, and phenomena on Earth is a field of science that deals with geography. Geography is an interdisciplinary field that seeks to understand Earth and its human and natural complexities, not only where objects are located but also how they have changed and evolved.

List Of Geographical Facts About India That You Must Read

Here we are going to discuss geographical facts about India. I hope you will enjoy reading this article.

Location of India:

India is a country in South Asia,  known as the Republic of India. It is the 7th largest country in the world by area, the most populous country in the world as of June 2023, and the world’s largest democracy since its independence in 1947. India is known for its unique shape.

Area and Size Of India:

The country has an area of 3,287,263 square kilometers or 1,269,219 square miles which makes it the seventh largest in the world. India’s surface area is 3,214 km1 997 mi from north to south and 2,933 km1 822 mi from east to west. The land border of the area is 15,200 km (9,445 mi.2), and its coastline is 7,516.6 km (4,671 mi. India is a very big and vast country. India is about one-third the size of the US.

Population Of India:

India is a state in South Asia, officially called the Republic of India. In terms of area, it is the 7th largest country in the world by population as of June 2023 and since independence has been the most populous democracy in the world. The current population of India is 1,428,627,663 and yearly increased almost 0.81%.

Topography Of India:

India’s topography is like a mix-up of Puzzles. There are even deserts in the west of India and lots of other sides. The splendid Himalayas, which include the world’s highest peaks, dominate the landscape in the Far North. There is a vast and densely populated Gangetic Plain stretching from the Himalayas to the Vindhyachal Mountains in Central India. The sacred Ganges and Yamuna rivers divide the plain.

Himalayan Range Of India:

A mountain range in Asia, separated from the Tibetan plateau by the plains of the Indian subcontinent, is called the Himalayas or Himalayas. The area includes some of the tallest mountains in the world, e.g. Mount Everest; it has over 100 peaks up to an altitude of 7,800 meters above sea level within the Himalayas. The Himalayan range of India is like a huge wall of mountains of India.

Major Rivers Of India:

India has some big rivers that help India with drinking water, transportation, and farming. The list of main rivers of India includes the Yamuna, Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Godavari.

Climate Diversity Of India:

India, with its immense geographical area, is home to an extraordinary diversity of climatic conditions. The country is spread over a wide variety of climate zones, covering the snowcapped hills of the Himalayas to equatorial rainforests in the Western Ghats. The Himalayas and the Thar Desert play a big part in our nation’s climate.

Biodiversity Of India:

India is a nation with approximately 10% of the world’s species, making it one of the most diverse countries on earth. And in the past thousands of years, they’ve also had a rich cultural heritage. We are going to provide a comprehensive overview of India’s biodiversity, which will help students preparing for examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Services, CDS, NDA Railways, etc.

Thar Desert In India:

The Thar Desert, also known as the Great India Desert, a dry and dusty region of high sand hills in the country’s interior. It is spread between the states of Rajasthan and northwestern India, which comprises a proportion of Punjab and Southern Sindh provinces in Pakistan’s east. In India, it’s around 85% of the Thar Desert and 15% in Pakistan. There are almost 4.56% of India’s total geographical area in the Thar Desert. In India’s Rajasthan state, at least 60% of the desert is covered; there are also parts in Gujarat, Punjab and Haryana.

Monsoon Season Of India:

In 1996, monsoon conditions began to develop early, and by 30 June, two weeks earlier than normal, India was completely covered by monsoon rains. The season has also been prematurely ended, with the full withdrawal of monsoon rains in India occurring no later than 11 October.

Islands Of India:

There’s a big and diverse mainland in India. There are two different groups of islands in this country, including the Lakshwadeep and Andaman & Nicobar Islands. The Lakshadweep Islands are in the Coral Sea. These islands are part of a volcanic hotspot on the island of Reunion.

Geographic Extremes Of India:

In India, extreme locations may be defined by the coordinates which are different from each other in northern, south, eastern and western parts of the country; as well as high or low altitudes. In disputed territory between India and Pakistan, the northernmost point claimed by India is administered by Pakistan. All other extreme locations are uninhabited except for KanyakumariCape Comorin, the southernmost point of mainland India.

Lakes In India:

The lakes of India are also found in a variety of types, such as hills, plateaus, plains and rift zones. Some of the lakes are natural ones, but others have been created by humans. For nature and humans, these lakes have a variety of uses. There are a lot of great natural areas in India, and their lakes give them an extra beauty. In India water resources are things such as streams, canals, lakes and more. A lake is a large body of water surrounded by land.

Most Famous Lakes of India:

  • Pulicat
  • Korlleru Lake
  • Nagarjuna Sagar
  • Haflong Lake
  • Deepor Beel

Indian Ocean Coastline:

The Indian Ocean’s surface area covers 70,560,000 km2, 27.240,000 mi sq or 19.8% of the water on Earth’s surface, and ranks third largest in the world among its five oceanic divisions. [4] It’s bordered by Asia to the north, Africa to the west, and Australia to the east. Depending on the definition used, this is bordered in the south by the South Ocean or Antarctica. There are several very marginal and regional seas along the Indian Ocean’s center, like the Arabian Sea, Laccadive Sea, Bay of Bengal or Andaman Sea.

Tropical Rainforests Of India:

In India, where the landscape is enormous, travelers have a chance to face some tropical forests. In all parts of India, it is possible to find an evergreen tropical forest. The world has been blessed with a lot of fertility by Mother Nature, either in the far East Gulf of Thailand or the Western Coastal States of Karnataka and Maharashtra.

Snow-capped Peaks Of India:

Auli. Pahalgam. Sonamarg. The valley of Manali and the Solang. Gulmarg. Patnitop. Patnitop is a tiny, charming village in the district Udhampur of J&K. Kedarnath and Badrinath. The Kedarnath temple is one of India’s holiest pilgrimage sites, located in Uttarakhand.

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